Wealth Management & Financial Planning

Wealth Management & Financial Planning

What is a CEF?

The majority of mutual funds that are used in retail investment accounts and 401k plans are considered to be open-ended. Simply put, you invest your dollars in a fund with many other investors. The manager of the fund then buys stocks, bonds or both and divides the value of the fund by the number of shares that have been issued.  The value is expressed by Net Asset Value (“NAV”) at the end of every day.  When you need to take out money for one reason or another the mutual fund company is responsible for executing your liquidation request.  That means the mutual fund manager must manage the cash in the fund’s portfolio for the number of investors that are contributing and withdrawing from the fund daily.

There are two other “unit” trusts that were created by 1924.  The one that seems most confusing to investors are close-end funds (“CEFs”). These investments have a special place in my heart but do come with some explanation.

A CEF works like an open-ended fund on one hand – you do have a fund manager and your assets are invested with other investors and you get a daily NAV to know the value of the fund each day. The difference is there is that a CEF is not an open-ended fund with a set amount of capital that the manager raises in the fund.  The manager thus doesn’t manage the cash part of the fund’s portfolio as in and open-ended fund.

The daily Net Asset Value is rarely what you get when you sell the units of the fund.  Most CEFs trade at a discount to their NAV which may create interesting opportunities during periods of higher volatility in the market. This year is no different from looking at fund flows into and out of mutual funds with the largest outflows being in May (a market downturn) and the largest inflows near record highs for the market.

In practice, many retail investors don’t understand the investments they own.  When a market declines and people sell based on fear, they tend to sell everything. This potentially creates a domino effect of opportunity for savvy investors with cash to into the market.

CEFs have issues with volume.  In other words, some days they don’t have as many shares traded daily. When downside volatility occurs, the volume can even go lower. The retail investor who doesn’t understand this can and does sell into a down market and whatever price the market is willing to pay. The discounts to NAV in 2008-2009 went into the 30% level and sometimes more.

CEFs are not for the faint at heart.  You need to check your investment discipline at the door and be willing to accept volatility. Please keep in mind they are not liquid to the degree of an open-ended fund. Also, keep in mind they can use leverage or debt in the fund. CEF’s might make sense in your portfolio and they might not.

Disclaimer: Do not construe anything written in this post or this blog in its entirety as a recommendation, research, or an offer to buy or sell any securities. Everything in this post is meant for educational and entertainment purposes only. I or my affiliates may hold positions in securities mentioned in the blog. Please see our Disclosure page for the full disclaimer.

Want to sign up to receive the Market Carver?

Schedule a "Next Steps" Meeting

If you request a “Next Steps” meeting, we will discuss with you things you should do today, things to consider tomorrow, and if we choose to partner together… a written plan on what Financial Enhancement Group can do to help meet your goals.

Receive Our Free weekly Market Update Video

The FEG team regularly shares pertinent financial information to help educate our friends and families on what’s happening in the market, as well as information on financial planning. Fill out the form below to be added to our list for distribution.

Access all of our checklists!